Disney Cruise Line and Its Ports of Call LIVE! Guidebook
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Located halfway between the Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei volcanoes, the legendary city of Naples lies on the Mediterranean coast, tucked away in a natural bay. Its majestic scenery has inspired art throughout the ages. The city is rife with underground layers and catacombs beneath its Greco-Roman avenues. There are hotels and spas there that have been operating for thousands of years; you can feel the history seep into you as you walk along the streets. Yet, thanks to Naples’ dense population, frenetic pace, and slightly grimy appearance, we predict you’ll either love it or hate it.
Naples, or Napoli in Italian (NA-po-lee), means new city. It was founded between the 7th and 6th centuries B.C. by the Greeks, not far from the older town of Partenope. The original city center was located on the site of Castel dell’Ovo (see page 531). Greek culture reigned early on, even during the Roman Empire’s domination of the city. This period was followed by an influx of Spaniards, Byzantines, Goths, and Normans. Eventually the King of Sicily added Naples to his territory in 1139, and shortly thereafter it became the capital. The city flourished and prospered, creating the University of Naples in 1224. After a period of rule by both the Spaniards and the Austrians, Naples became autonomous in the 18th century. Today the city is a commercial and cultural center with an active port.
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You are viewing page 529, which is section 16 of chapter 10 of PassPorter's Disney Cruise Line guidebook.
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